Contacts between the Oasis and the Nile Jul 3, 2019 10:32:08 GMT -5
Post by Charlie Bass on Jul 3, 2019 10:32:08 GMT -5
The survey was conducted on the plateau desert between the oases andthe Nile Valley, an area that formerly was hardly investigated. Duringthe final Holocene humid phase c. 6000-5300 BC there were frequentepisodic occupations by desert dwellers on the plateau during the rainy seasons, but as occupational sites in the Nile Valley are generally lack-ing; little contemporaneous contact between the two regions can beshown. Indirect evidence, however, is given by the discovery of the Nilemollusc Aspatharia in Djara. The deterioration of the Egyptian Eastern Sahara between 5300 and 4600 BC is the reason for desert dwellers com-ing into the Nile Valley. With the rapid aridification of the desert after 5300 BC the amount of occupational sites decreases in the Western Desert, but the findings of “desert black-topped” potsherds and Tasian-like beakers among the local desert traditions may indicate that the Predy-nastic dwellers were the descendants of desert groups. During the Pre-dynastic from 4500 BC onwards, the desert outside the oases was avoided due to the hyper-arid conditions. In the Late Predynastic and Early Dynas-tic Period pottery and sites of the local Sheikh Muftah tradition are found in Dakhla Oasis, and Clayton rings from desert sites may indicate a spe-cialised group of desert nomads. Frequent contacts between the Western Desert and Nile Valley dwellers in the Old Kingdom only increased when donkey tracks were established through the desert to connect the Nile Valley with the oases........The changing mechanisms of contacts, at least, are caused by the climatic development which dramatically changed the Eastern Sahara between 6000 and 3000 BC. Although climatic and ecological conditions did not determine all aspects of the cultural development, they are the framework in which the cultural development and contacts appeared.The migrational shift of desert dwellers into the Nile Valley around 5000BC is only one, if a very drastic, development which can be linked to the changing environmental conditions. Climate, therefore, can be described as the true “motor” that stands behind the general development of contacts between the desert and the Nile Valley.
Contacts between the Oasis and the Nile: A résumé of the Abu Muhariq Survey 1995-2002.
Egypt at its Origins 2, Proceedings of the International Conference , 2008