Kintampo complex in Ghana Aug 24, 2010 11:40:54 GMT -5
Post by al~Takruri on Aug 24, 2010 11:40:54 GMT -5
This commingling of sahel and forest peoples is contemporary with Middle Kingdom Egypt.
Between 4000 and 3500 BP dessication forced a southerly expansion of the Sahel, sweeping along with it the pastoral and agro-pastoral populations accustomed to living in a semi-arid landscape. In places these groups expanded further south, perhaps only seasonally, coming into contact with indigenous hunter-gatherers and incipient vegeculturalists. The best documented record of such contacts, come from the Savannah of modern Ghana and the sites of Ntereso, Kintampo, and Daboya[.]
There, ‘Saharan’ Kintampo complex projectile points, stone arm rings, beads, small stone axes and livestock appear in the midst of indigenous Punpun Phase microlithic quartz assemblages around 3500 BP. Subsequently, it would appear that instead of population replacement there was a type of population fusion, as the Kintampo complex quickly adapted to the subsistence potentials of the savanna-forest ecotone[.]
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"The Kintampo Archaeological Research Project is the first venture conducted under the auspices of the academic collaboration established between the Department of Archaeology, University of Ghana (UG) and the Institute of Archaeology, University College London (UCL). KARP is a field-based project designed around two separate areas of research, encompassing the Late Stone Age (LSA) Punpun (hunter-gatherers) and Kintampo Cultures (agro-pastoralists) and development and change within iron metallurgical technology in the region. "