The oldest known example of a man-made structure was found within a prehistoric cave in central Greece, according to the Greek culture ministry.
The structure is a stone wall that blocked two-thirds of the entrance to the Theopetra cave near Kalambaka on the north edge of the Thessalian plain. It was constructed 23,000 years ago, probably as a barrier to cold winds.
gAn optical dating test, known as Optically Stimulated Luminescence, was applied on quartz grains nested within the stones. We dated four different samples from the sediment and soil materials, and all provided identical dates,h Nikolaos Zacharias, director of the laboratory of archaeometry at the University of Peloponnese, told Discovery News.
According to a statement by the ministry of culture, gthe dating matches the coldest period of the most recent ice age, indicating that the cavernfs inhabitants built the stone wall to protect themselves from the cold.h
Excavated since 1987, the Theopetra cave is well known to palaeontologists as it was used and inhabited continuously from the Palaeolithic period onwards (50,000 to 5,000 years ago).
gThe newly discovered stone structure is important as it shows the technological level of humans at that time,h Zacharias said.
Picture: Remains of the stone wall. Courtesy of the Greek Ministry of Culture.